The Book of Amos
James J. Barker
THE LORD’S JUDGMENT UPON MOAB
- We have seen
that all of these judgments begin the same way, “Thus saith the LORD; For three
transgressions of Moab, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment
thereof…” (Cf. 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 13; 2:1, 4, 6).
- I mentioned
in an earlier message that the expression seems to indicate that their measure
of iniquity was full, and now God’s wrath had to come down upon them.
2 is a continuation of chapter 1. Tonight we will look at God’s judgment upon Mob
29:1 says, “He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be
destroyed, and that without remedy.”
- It is
the same way with nations as it is with individuals.
I. THE HISTORY OF
II. THE SINS OF
III. THE JUDGMENT OF
THE HISTORY OF MOAB
- Like the
Ammonites (Amos 1:13-15), the Moabites were also descended from Lot
(Genesis 19:29-38), making them relatives of the Israelites.
- Moab figures prominently in the OT. The word
“Moab” is found 168 times in 151 verses.
- The great
Bible teacher, HA Ironside, said that Moab “might picture for us those who make
a profession of being children of God while actually with no legitimate claim to
that name. In other words, Moab may
represent to us the easy-going religious profession with which many are
contented who fail to recognize the importance of the new birth. Generally speaking, Moab was somewhat
friendly toward Israel but when the nation was first passing through their
borders on the way to their inheritance in the Promised Land, Balak was fearful
of being destroyed by them and so hired Balaam, the son of Beor, to curse them,
but as we know, God turned the curse into a blessing. The book of Ruth tells us of the visit
of Elimelech and his family to Moab in the time of famine and the unhappy
results of that period of sojourn. When David was pursued by Saul he took his parents to the country of Moab
and put them under the protection of its king, but as the years went on Moab,
like Edom, became an enemy of Israel, for no matter how friendly religious
professors may seem to be at times to the true children of God, the day always
comes when they resent what seems to them to be the assumed superiority of those
who really know the Lord. So from time to time we find Moab allied with the enemies of Israel and Judah”
- Moab was the
son of Lot’s older daughter; Benammi (“the same is the father of the children of
Ammon”) was the son of the younger.
- The Moabites
settled in the area surrounding Zoar (Gen. 19:30). The Ammonites were to their north,
the Edomites to the south, the Dead Sea to the west, and the Arabian desert the east
(see MAP 3 in Scofield Bible).
- Today this is modern-day Jordan.
- In Numbers
22, we read that Balak the king of Moab saw all that Israel had done to the
neighboring Amorites, and so he was sore afraid and distressed because of the
children of Israel.
- Because of
his fears, Balak hired Balaam, the false prophet (Numbers 22; cf. II Peter 2:15;
Jude 11; Rev. 2:14).
- Later on,
Moab became a tributary of Israel, but they revolted after the death of King
Ahab. “But it came to pass, when
Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel” (II
THE SINS OF MOAB
- God judged
Moab for their implacable hatred and revenge. The Moabites were so cruel and
revengeful that they burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime (2:1). This particular incident is not
recorded elsewhere in the Bible.
- Second Kings
3:27 says the king of Moab “took his eldest son that should have reigned in his
stead, and offered him for a burnt offering upon the wall.”
- “We have
heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his
pride, and his wrath: but his lies shall not be so” (Isa. 16:6).
THE JUDGMENT OF MOAB
- “But I will
send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kirioth: and Moab…”
(Amos 2:2). “Kirioth” is called “Kir” in Isaiah 15:1.
- Kirioth is named on the Moabite Stone, discovered in Jordan in 1868, by a German missionary
in Jerusalem. The Moabite Stone (about 4 feet in length by 2 feet wide) is now located in the Louvre
Museum in Paris, France. The language is very similar to Hebrew.
- The Moabite Stone was erected by King Mesha (apparently the king mentioned in II Kings 3,
who offered his son for a burnt offering) in honor of the Moabite god Chemosh (c. 850 BC).
- “Moab shall
die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet” (2:2b). This prophecy was fulfilled when the
Moabites were wiped out by King Nebuchadnezzar.
- The Moabites
became extinct. God cut off their
judges and their princes (2:3). Only a very small and feeble remnant was allowed to survive (Isa. 16:14).
- The Moabites
(along with the Ammonites, the Edomites, and others) are listed among the
nations at the battle of Armageddon (Psalm 83:6, 7; Dan. 11:41).
- Jeremiah 48:47 says, “Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the
latter days, saith the LORD. Thus far is the judgment of Moab.”
- This could be a reference to Jordan and other Arabs that are descended from