(Lesson 04 on Bible Doctrines) 



  1. The Bible teaches that Jesus Christ is the eternal Word of God (John 1:1-14). “The pre-existence of Christ is asserted in an extensive body of Scripture which is of great importance since it enters vitally into the revelation of the fact of His Deity” – Lewis Sperry Chafer, Major Bible Themes.
  2. This was foretold by the prophets (Isa. 9:6; Micah 5:2).
  3. This was affirmed by our Lord Himself (John 8:58).
  4. Our Lord frequently appeared in the Old Testament as “the angel of the LORD” (Gen. 16:7-14; 22:15, 16; 31:11-13; Ex. 3:2ff; Judges 6:11ff; 13:3-25; Zech. 3:1ff; 12:8).
  5. The angel of the LORD is distinguished from the “LORD of hosts” (Zech. 1:12, 13).
  6. The angel of the LORD is identified as Christ (Ex. 14:19; 23:20; cf. I Cor. 10:1-4).
  7. Other pre-incarnate visitations and references (Gen. 19:24; 32:24-32; Josh. 5:13-15; Psalm 2:12; Pro. 30:4; Dan. 3:25).



  1. The state of humiliation consists in that Christ laid aside the divine majesty, which was His as the eternal Son of God, and assumed human nature in the form of a servant (Phil. 2:5-8).
  2. “In the kenosis (literally, “self-emptying” from Phil. 2:7) Christ emptied Himself of retaining and exploiting His status in the Godhead and took on humanity in order to die” – Charles C. Ryrie, Basic Theology.



  1. In the incarnation the Son of God became flesh by assuming human nature (John 1:14; Rom. 8:3; Heb. 10:5; I John 4:2).
  2. The New Testament presents the historical facts of His incarnation, including our Lord’s genealogy, His conception and virgin birth (cf. Matt. 1:1-25; 2:1-12; Luke 1:26-56; 2:1-20; 3:23-38).
  3. Biblical reasons for the incarnation:

A.    He came to reveal God to man (Matt. 11:27; John 1:18; 14:9; I Tim. 3:16).

B.    He came to die on the cross for our sins (Rom. 5:8; Heb. 10:5-10).

C.    He came to set an example for believers to follow (I Peter 2:21-25; I John 2:6).

D.    He came in the flesh that He might destroy the works of the devil (Gen. 3:15; cf. Rom. 16:20; John 12:31; 16:11; Col .2:13-15; Heb. 2:14; I John 3:8; Rev. 20:10).

E.     He came into the world “that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God” (Heb. 2:16-18; 4:14-16; 5:7-10; 8:1; 9:11, 12, 24).

F.     He came in the flesh that He might fulfill the Davidic covenant (II Sam. 7:16; Ps. 89:34-37; Isa. 9:6, 7; Luke 1:31-33; Acts 2:30-36; Rom. 15:8).

G.    He came in the flesh in order to be the Judge of sinful mankind (John 5:22-27; Acts 17:31).



  1. He is a prophet like unto Moses (Deut. 18:15-19; cf. Acts 3:22-24; 7:37).

    A.    He was recognized as a prophet by the people (Matt. 21:11,46; John 7:40).

    B.    He called Himself a prophet (Matt. 13:57) and did the work of a prophet (John 14:10, 24; 17:8).

    C.    He accurately predicted the details of His death (Matt. 16:21; 20:19; 26:21).

  2. He is a priest “after the order of Melchizedek” (Ps. 110:4; Heb. 5:6; 6:20; 7:21; cf. Gen. 14:18-20).

    A.    He is both priest and king (Zech. 6:13).

    B.    He is our sinless high priest (Heb. 2:17, 18; 4:14-16; 7:23-28).

  3. He is “King of kings and Lord of lords” (I Tim. 6:15;Rev. 17:14; 19:16).

A.    This was prophesied in the Old Testament (Isa. 9:7).

B.    Christ was born in the royal line on both sides (Matt. 1:1,6; Luke 1:32, 33; 3:31).

C.    He preached that the kingdom of heaven was at hand (Matt. 4:17).

D.    He claimed to be the King of the Jews (Luke 23:1-4).

E.     He was rejected as the King of the Jews (Matt. 27:29-31, 41, 42; John 19:14-22).



  1. The vicarious atonement of Jesus Christ is at the heart of the Gospel (I Cor. 15:1-4; II Cor. 5:21; I Peter 2:21-24; 3:18).
  2. Christ is “the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world” (John 1:29; cf. Gen. 22:8; Ex. 12:5; Isa. 53:7).  NOTE: He died for “the sin of the world,” not just the sins of the elect (cf. I John 2:2).
  3. This includes propitiation for past sins (Rom. 3:25), present sins (Rom. 4:25), and future sins (Rom. 5:6, 8).
  4. This demonstrates the love of God (John 3:16; Rom. 5:8; I John 3:16; 4:9).
  5. We are saved by “the precious blood of Christ as of a lamb without blemish and without spot” (I Peter 1:19; cf. Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; Heb. 9:22; Rev. 1:5; 5:9; 7:14; 12:11).

Pastor James Barker
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