The Book of HEBREWS
James J. Barker
DO NOT DRAW BACK
- The epistle to
the Hebrews was probably written by the apostle Paul (cf. Heb.
- The epistle was
written to Jewish believers who were wavering between Judaism and
- Often in this
epistle we see the words, "Let us..."
- "Let us labour" (4:11).
- "Let us hold fast our profession" (4:14).
- "Let us therefore come boldly
unto the throne of grace" (4:16).
- "Let us go on unto perfection" (6:1).
- "Let us draw near with a true heart"
- "Let us hold fast the
profession of our faith without wavering" (10:23).
- There are many other similar exhortations. But some were not holding fast
(10:23). Some were not "going on"
- Some were "drawing back"
- F.B. Meyer wrote, "The splendid ceremonial, venerable
age, and olden associations of Judaism, were fighting hard to wean them away
from the simplicity and spiritual demands of the later faith. But surely the
retrograde movement would be arrested, and the impetus toward Christ
accelerated, by these sublime and soul-stirring remonstrances" (The Way Into
- By "these sublime and soul-stirring remonstrances," FB
Meyer is referring to three reproofs found here in Hebrews
A WARNING OF JUDGMENT
- There are many
warnings in the book of Hebrews, and it is evident that most of them are
addressed to believers (cf. 10:30 -- "The Lord shall judge his
- David wrote in
Psalm 32:4, "For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned
into the drought of summer."
- The LORD gave
this message to King David, through the prophet Nathan "Now therefore the sword
shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast
taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will
raise up evil against thee out of thine own house" (I Sam. 12:10,
- The Lord killed
Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11).
There is no indication they were not saved.
- There are many
warnings in the Bible about committing the sin unto death (cf. Heb.
- After being
confronted by Nathan the prophet, King David repented. First Samuel 12:13 indicates God would
have killed David had he not repented.
- "And David said
unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The
LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die" (I Sam. 12:13; cf. I
Cor. 11:30, 31; James 1:14-16; I John 5:16).
- The Bible is
not very specific about the judgment seat of Christ. However, we do know that all Christians
must stand before the Lord at the judgment seat of
Corinthians 5:11 says, "Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade
men..." This reference to
"the terror of the Lord" indicates the judgment seat of Christ will be a
painful experience for backslidden believers.
A CALL TO REMEMBRANCE
- These Hebrew
Christians suffered greatly after they were first converted and "were
illuminated" (enlightened --cf. 6:4).
- After enduring
so many hardships and afflictions and persecution, it would be tragic for them
to now return to Judaism (10:32, 33).
- We get our
English word "theater" from the Greek word translated "gazingstock" (10:33).
"Gazingstock" (10:33) means a "public spectacle."
- The author of
this epistle had been in prison (10:34).
And his writing style and language is similar to Paul's. Therefore, Paul was probably the author.
A PROMISE OF REWARD
- If these Jewish
believers were to turn back, they would lose their
- Second John 8
says, "Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we
receive a full reward."
- First John 2:28
says, "And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we
may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his
"confidence" (cf. Heb. 10:35) is based upon Christ's death for our sins (cf.
- The Lord "will
come, and will not tarry" (Heb. 10:37).
The Lord is right on schedule. This is a quote from Habakkuk
- Hebrews 10:38
is from Habakkuk 2:4 (cf. Rom. 1:17; Gal. 3:11).
frequently debate over the book of Hebrews. They wonder if these strong warnings are
addressed to believers or unbelievers?
- Hebrews 10:39
suggests the author is drawing a contrast between those who draw back and those
who "believe to the saving of the soul."
- In just a few
short years after this epistle was written, the Lord would allow Jerusalem to be
destroyed. The temple would be
burned to the ground, and the priesthood and sacrifices would
- How foolish to
go back to something God had judged and would soon destroy.