The Book of I PETER
James J. Barker
- Tonight we will begin a
series in the first epistle of Peter.
- There are many practical
advantages to studying this epistle.
- Peter was a fisherman who
became a “fisher of men.” We are
meeting in an old fish market, now being used for the preaching of the
- My message tonight is
entitled, “Biblical Salvation.” The
word “salvation” is found three times here in I Peter 1 – vss. 5, 9, 10.
- Peter identifies himself as
“an apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1).
Later on, in I Peter 5:1, he calls himself “an elder” (bishop or
- Nowhere is Peter ever
referred to as a priest or a pope.
In fact, in I Peter 2:5 and 9, Peter teaches that all Christians
are priests before God. This
doctrine is called “the priesthood of the
- Furthermore, we know Peter
was married because Matthew 8:14 says, “And when Jesus was come into Peter's
house, he saw his wife’s mother laid, and sick of a
- Mark and Luke also refer to
this healing of Peter’s mother-in-law.
- The epistle of I Peter was
probably written about AD 60.
- Peter wrote his letter “to
the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and
Bithynia” (1:1). These were Jewish believers scattered throughout the Roman
Empire (cf. James 1:1; John 7:35).
- Peter addresses Gentile
believers also (cf. 2:10).
- The Scofield Study
I Peter “presents all the foundational truths of the Christian faith, with
special emphasis on the atonement. The distinctive note of First Peter is
preparation for victory over suffering. The last-name word occurs about fifteen
times, and is the key-word to the Epistle.”
- Tonight we will look at the
first few verses. My
ELECT ACCORDING TO THE
FOREKNOWLEDGE OF GOD (1:2).
II. SANCTIFIED THROUGH THE SPIRIT OF GOD
III.KEPT BY THE POWER OF GOD
ELECT ACCORDING TO THE FOREKNOWLEDGE OF GOD
- Our salvation was wrought by God. All three members of the Godhead take
part in the salvation of a lost sinner
Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the
Through sanctification of the
Unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus
- We are “elect (chosen) according to the
foreknowledge of God” (1:2). A
similar statement is made in Romans 8:29, “For whom he did foreknow,
he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that
he might be the firstborn among many
- God is omniscient and knows everything. Our salvation is based upon His
foreknowledge. In Acts 2:23, Peter
said to the Jews, “Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and
foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified
- Christ was “delivered by the determinate counsel and
foreknowledge of God.”
- That is why He is referred to in Revelation 13:8 as
“the Lamb slain from the foundation of the
world” (cf. I Peter 1:20).
- The word “elect” (or “chosen”) is used different
ways in Scripture.
- In this context, it means, “chosen to
salvation.” When we put our trust
in the Lord Jesus Christ, we are born again by the Spirit of God (cf. I Peter
- Peter refers to this in verse 3 – “which according
to his abundant mercy hath begotten us
- Strong’s Concordance says the word translated
“begotten” here means, “to thoroughly change the mind of one, so that he lives a
new life, and one conformed to the will of
- The apostle Paul refers to this
in II Corinthians 5:17, “Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new
creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become
- We are regenerated by the Spirit
of God, and…
WE ARE SANCTIFIED THROUGH THE SPIRIT OF GOD
- D. Edmond Hiebert says, “The word (sanctification)
refers to the Spirit’s work of setting Christian’s apart from the world as God’s
chosen people by keeping them conscious of their distinctiveness and so making
them more and more inwardly holy” (I Peter).
- That is why obedient (note “obedience” – I Peter
1:2) Christians do not need to be browbeaten about Christian standards of
conduct. The indwelling Holy Spirit
is working in us, and setting us apart from things that are unclean and unholy.
- I am not saying we preachers should not preach hard
against sin. I am saying that the
Holy Spirit is our best teacher.
Jesus said, “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide
you into all truth” (John 16:13).
- The Holy Spirit convicts of indecency, immodesty,
immorality, self-will, pride, rebelliousness, and all the wicked sins of the
- Recently there was a big fuss in the newspapers
about this Mexican female television reporter who received a lot of attention at
the NY Jets’ football practice.
- She was dressed very immodestly, and even unsaved,
worldly people acknowledged it. How
come women who attend good fundamental churches do not dress like
- Because they have been sanctified by the Holy Spirit
(I Peter 1:2).
- Second Thessalonians 2:13 says, “But we are bound to
give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath
from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of
the Spirit and belief of the truth.”
- Here we see the divine side and the human
“God hath from the beginning chosen you to
sanctification of the Spirit” (II Thess.
“and belief of the truth” (II Thess.
- We see this in I Peter 1:5 –
“Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto
- This brings me to my third
WE ARE KEPT BY THE POWER OF GOD
- This is taught all throughout the Bible. Isaiah 41:10 says, “Fear thou not; for I
am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I
will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee
with the right hand of my
- Jude 24 says, “Now unto him that is able to keep
you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his
glory with exceeding joy.”
- Our Lord said in John 10:27-29, “My sheep hear my
voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life;
and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my
hand. My Father, which gave them
me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s
- We are kept by the power of God. As I have said – there is a divine side
– “kept by the power of God” (I Peter 1:5; Jude 24), and a human side.
- Jude 21 says, “Keep yourselves in the love of
- The present verb tense indicates that this keeping
(“guarded” – margin) is a continual process. God’s keeping power is always with
- The expression “ready to be revealed in the last
time” (1:5) points us to the second coming of
- The Lord Jesus Christ will be revealed in all His
- “Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall
see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall
wail because of him. Even so, Amen” (Rev. 1:7).
- This world is getting darker, and more wicked day by
day. But look up – the Lord is