THE DOCTRINE OF CHRIST [Part 3]
(Lesson 04 on Bible Doctrines)
PRE-EXISTENCE OF CHRIST
- The Bible teaches
that Jesus Christ is the eternal Word of God (John 1:1-14).
“The pre-existence of Christ is asserted
in an extensive body of Scripture which is of great importance since it enters
vitally into the revelation of the fact of His Deity” – Lewis Sperry Chafer, Major Bible Themes.
- This was foretold
by the prophets (Isa. 9:6; Micah 5:2).
- This was affirmed
by our Lord Himself (John 8:58).
- Our Lord
frequently appeared in the Old Testament as “the angel of the LORD” (Gen.
16:7-14; 22:15, 16; 31:11-13; Ex. 3:2ff; Judges 6:11ff; 13:3-25; Zech. 3:1ff;
- The angel of the
LORD is distinguished from the “LORD of hosts” (Zech. 1:12, 13).
- The angel of the
LORD is identified as Christ (Ex. 14:19; 23:20; cf. I Cor. 10:1-4).
pre-incarnate visitations and references (Gen. 19:24; 32:24-32; Josh. 5:13-15;
Psalm 2:12; Pro. 30:4; Dan. 3:25).
THE HUMILIATION OF
- The state of
humiliation consists in that Christ laid aside the divine majesty, which was His
as the eternal Son of God, and assumed human nature in the form of a servant
- “In the kenosis (literally, “self-emptying” from
Phil. 2:7) Christ emptied Himself of retaining and exploiting His status in the
Godhead and took on humanity in order to die” – Charles C. Ryrie, Basic Theology.
THE INCARNATION OF CHRIST
- In the incarnation
the Son of God became flesh by assuming human nature (John 1:14; Rom. 8:3; Heb.
10:5; I John 4:2).
- The New Testament
presents the historical facts of His incarnation, including our Lord’s
genealogy, His conception and virgin birth (cf. Matt. 1:1-25; 2:1-12; Luke
1:26-56; 2:1-20; 3:23-38).
- Biblical reasons
for the incarnation:
A. He came to reveal God to
man (Matt. 11:27; John 1:18; 14:9; I Tim. 3:16).
B. He came to die on the
cross for our sins (Rom. 5:8; Heb. 10:5-10).
C. He came to set an
example for believers to follow (I Peter 2:21-25; I John 2:6).
D. He came in the flesh
that He might destroy the works of the devil (Gen. 3:15; cf. Rom. 16:20; John
12:31; 16:11; Col .2:13-15; Heb. 2:14; I John 3:8; Rev. 20:10).
E. He came into the
world “that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining
to God” (Heb. 2:16-18; 4:14-16; 5:7-10; 8:1; 9:11, 12, 24).
F. He came in the
flesh that He might fulfill the Davidic covenant (II Sam. 7:16; Ps. 89:34-37;
Isa. 9:6, 7; Luke 1:31-33; Acts 2:30-36; Rom. 15:8).
G. He came in the flesh in
order to be the Judge of sinful mankind (John 5:22-27; Acts 17:31).
JESUS CHRIST IS OUR PROPHET, PRIEST, AND KING
- He is a prophet
like unto Moses (Deut. 18:15-19; cf. Acts 3:22-24; 7:37).
A. He was recognized as a
prophet by the people (Matt. 21:11,46; John 7:40).
B. He called Himself a
prophet (Matt. 13:57) and did the work of a prophet (John 14:10, 24;
C. He accurately predicted
the details of His death (Matt. 16:21; 20:19; 26:21).
- He is a priest
“after the order of Melchizedek” (Ps. 110:4; Heb. 5:6; 6:20; 7:21; cf. Gen.
A. He is both priest
and king (Zech. 6:13).
B. He is our sinless high
priest (Heb. 2:17, 18; 4:14-16; 7:23-28).
- He is “King of
kings and Lord of lords” (I Tim. 6:15;Rev. 17:14; 19:16).
A. This was prophesied in
the Old Testament (Isa. 9:7).
B. Christ was born in the
royal line on both sides (Matt. 1:1,6; Luke 1:32, 33; 3:31).
C. He preached that the
kingdom of heaven was at hand (Matt. 4:17).
D. He claimed to be the
King of the Jews (Luke 23:1-4).
E. He was rejected as
the King of the Jews (Matt. 27:29-31, 41, 42; John 19:14-22).
SUBSTITUTIONARY DEATH OF CHRIST
- The vicarious
atonement of Jesus Christ is at the heart of the Gospel (I Cor. 15:1-4; II Cor.
5:21; I Peter 2:21-24; 3:18).
- Christ is “the
Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world” (John 1:29; cf. Gen. 22:8;
Ex. 12:5; Isa. 53:7). NOTE: He died
for “the sin of the world,” not just the sins of the elect (cf. I John
- This includes
propitiation for past sins (Rom. 3:25), present sins (Rom. 4:25), and future
sins (Rom. 5:6, 8).
- This demonstrates
the love of God (John 3:16; Rom. 5:8; I John 3:16; 4:9).
- We are saved by
“the precious blood of Christ as of a lamb without blemish and without spot” (I
Peter 1:19; cf. Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; Heb. 9:22; Rev. 1:5; 5:9; 7:14;
Pastor James Barker