THE DOCTRINE OF PROPITIATION
(Lesson 17 on Bible Doctrines)
"Whom God hath sent forth to be a propitiation through faith in His blood, to declare His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God" (Rom.3:25).
"Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us, and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins" (I John 4:10).
Definition: The word propitiation means mercy-seat or covering. The mercy-seat covering the ark of the covenant was called a propitiation (Ex.25:22; cf. Heb.9:5). The mercy-seat was sprinkled with the sacrificial blood on the day of atonement (Lev.16:14) Ė this pointed to Christís atoning death on the cross. Christ, therefore, is the propitiation for sin (cf. Heb.2:17).
"In fulfillment of the type, Christ is Himself the hilasmos, `that which propitiates,í and the hilasterion, `the place of propitiationí Ė the mercy-seat sprinkled with His own blood Ė the token that in our stead He so honored the law by enduring its righteous sentence" (Scofield Study Bible, p. 1195).
Pastor James Barker