The Book of Isaiah
James J. Barker

Lesson 6

Text: ISAIAH 4:1-6


1.     Isaiah 4 is the briefest chapter in the book of Isaiah.  J. Vernon McGee said, “In these chapters we actually have a synopsis of the entire Book of Isaiah, because he touches all the bases here that we will touch upon in the rest of the book” (Thru the Bible).

2.     Isaiah 4:1 is a continuation of Isaiah 3:25, 26.  In fact, chapters 2—5 constitute a lengthy prophecy.  There were no chapter and verse divisions in the original Hebrew text.

3.     Because of the severe judgments of God during the Great Tribulation, culminating at the Battle of Armageddon, there will be a serious shortage of men (4:1).

4.     Contrary to their natural, feminine modesty, seven women will take hold of one man in order to obtain him as a husband and as a protector.

5.     The number “7” indicates an unusually large number.  It suggests “the fullness of divine judgments” (WE Vine, Isaiah).

6.     Leviticus 26:28 says, “Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.”

7.     In Matthew 12:45, our Lord said the unclean spirit “taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself.”

8.     The Mosaic Law stipulated that a husband should provide food and clothing for his wife (Ex. 21:10).  But during the tribulation, men will be so scarce that women will be willing to forgo those basic benefits just to be called by a man’s name, to take away the reproach of being single and childless.

9.     In this modern age we have lost sight of what the Bible teaches about women and childrearing.  I mentioned last Sunday night that the women’s liberation movement has done great damage here in our country (and other countries as well).

10. “To die childless was to the Hebrew the acme of misery” (FC Jennings, Studies in Isaiah).

11. Do you recall what Rachel said when Joseph was born?  “God hath taken away my reproach” (Gen. 30:23).

12. Do you remember how Hannah cried her heart out to the Lord because He had shut up her womb (I Sam. 1)?




1.     The “branch of the LORD” (4:2) is a Messianic title for the Lord Jesus Christ.  The Scofield Study Bible is very helpful here (pp. 716, 717). 

2.     The remnant of Jews who survive the Great Tribulation will accept the Lord Jesus as their Messiah.  “In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious…” (4:2).

3.     We have here a contrast between those who will be judged during the coming tribulation (3:25, 26), and “them that are escaped of Israel” (4:2b). 

4.     This elect remnant will survive the Great Tribulation (cf. Matt. 24:13).

5.     “He that is left in Zion” (4:3) refers to those who will enter the millennial kingdom.  Those that survive the Great Tribulation will be saved both physically and spiritually (cf. Rom. 11:26, 27).

6.     “In that day” Israel will become a center of blessing to the whole earth – the religious and political capital of the world (cf. Jer. 23:5, 6).



1.     R.A. Torrey wrote that, “this name emphasizes His searching, refining, dross-consuming, illuminating, energizing work” (What the Bible Teaches).

2.     In Romans 1:4, the Holy Spirit is called “the Spirit of holiness.”  These names emphasize the essential moral character of the Holy Spirit.   

3.     He is holy in Himself, and He imparts holiness to others.  Second Thessalonians 2:13 says God has chosen us to salvation “through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.”

4.     First Peter 1:2 says, we are “elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.”

5.     (Note the Trinity in I Peter 1:2.)

6.     God sanctifies us (makes us holy) through the work of the Holy Spirit.  Holiness is an important Bible doctrine but it is sadly neglected.  The word “holy” and “holiness” appear 654 times in the Bible, and yet few preachers ever mention it.

7.     First Peter 1:15, 16 says, “But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.”

8.     “Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God” (II Cor. 7:1).

9.     Isaiah preached this from chapter 1 all the way through but few listened to his preaching on holiness (cf. 1:16; 6:3).

10. “Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord” (Hebrews 12:14).

11. Isaiah 3:16ff refer to the haughty and immodest women of Israel.  We saw last week that God judged them for their immorality and immodesty and haughtiness.

12. God will wash away “the filth of the daughters of Zion” (Isa. 4:4).  “Filth” refers to their moral uncleanness and moral defilement.  Thank God, those who repent will have their filthy sins washed away by the blood of Christ (4:4; cf. Zech. 13:1).



1.     The remnant will be protected by a pillar of cloud by day, and the flaming fire by night (4:5).

2.     This is not just a symbol of divine protection.  This is real.  This will be the literal presence of God, just as it was back when the Israelites journeyed through the wilderness.

3.     Exodus 13:21 and 22 says, “And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.”



1.     I mentioned last week that as we go through the book of Isaiah, I am going to try and apply it to our situation today.

2.     Isaiah is a very practical book.  Look at verse 3.  First you have the faithful remnant – “he that remaineth.”  This is taught throughout the book of Isaiah, and throughout the whole Bible (cf. Isa. 1:9).

3.     God always has a faithful remnant.

4.     Secondly, notice the remnant is to be “holy.”  A church that is not holy is not a NT church.

5.     Thirdly, their names are recorded.  God keeps a record (cf. Rev. 20:15).

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