The Book of Zechariah
ZECHARIAH’S VISION OF THE BRANCH
1. Last week we started into chapter 3, which deals with the prophet Zechariah’s fourth vision, concerning Joshua the high priest.
2. There are three characters in chapter 3, and we meet them all in verse 1 – Joshua the high priest, the angel of the Lord, and Satan, which means literally, “the adversary.”
3. Joshua the high priest represents the nation Israel. He is “standing before the angel of the Lord” in his official capacity as high priest.
4. The angel of the Lord is the pre-incarnate Lord Jesus Christ.
5. He is the “man with a measuring line in his hand” (2:1). He is “a wall of fire about” us (2:5). He will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem (2:10, 11). God the Father has sent Him (2:9, 11).
6. Here in Zechariah 3, we see three Messianic titles for the Lord Jesus Christ: “my servant, the BRANCH” (3:8b) and “the stone” (3:9).
I. THE LORD’S SERVANT (3:8).
1. In the Gospels our Lord demonstrated that He was the servant by washing His disciples’ feet. He declared, “For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many” (Mark 10:45).
2. As God’s servant, He is our great example (Isa. 42:1; 52:13; 53:11).
3. Many of the Jewish rabbis teach that this “servant” represents the nation Israel. But the NT confirms that these prophecies are speaking of the Lord Jesus Christ (cf. Matthew 8:17; 12:17-21; John 12:38; Rom. 10:16; Acts 8:28-38; I Peter 2:24).
II. THE BRANCH (3:8).
1. The next Messianic title is “the BRANCH” (Zech.3:8). There is much significance in this title.
2. It brings out the lowliness and humiliation of the Messiah (Isa. 53:2).
3. It also focuses our thoughts upon the beauty and glory of the Branch (Isa. 4:2).
4. It directs our attention to His humanity. The BRANCH is connected to the earth, particularly to the land of Palestine (Zech. 6:12).
5. It relates Him to the royal line of King David (Jer. 23:5, 6; 33:15).
6. It conveys the truth of His fruitfulness in contrast to the barrenness of all others (Isa. 11:1).
III. THE STONE (3:9).
1. The other Messianic title given is the “stone” (Zech. 3:9).
2. Isaiah 28:16 says, “Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.”
3. Psalm 118:22 says, “The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner” (cf. Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11; I Peter 2:6-8).
4. In Ephesians 2:20, the Bible says the church is “built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone.”
5. To the Gentile nations Christ is the stone that will crush their worldly dominion at His second coming (Dan. 2:34, 35, 44, 45).
6. To Israel Christ is the stone of stumbling (Rom. 9:31-33).
7. “Seven eyes” (3:9) speaks of perfection and completeness (cf. Zech. 4:10; Rev. 5:6).
8. When He returns He “will remove the iniquity of that land in one day” (3:9, 10; Micah 4:4).
Verse 10: cf. Scofield notes. "Zechariah 3:10 marks the time of fulfillment as in the future kingdom. It speaks of a security which Israel has never known since the captivity, nor will know till the kingdom comes. (Cf. Isaiah 11:1-9)."