Bible Baptist Church

" Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." ...... John 3:3

The Davidic Covenant

II Samuel 7


         Godís covenant with David makes this one of the most important passages in all of scripture

         You cannot understand Bible prophecy without studying this chapter. You will not understand the remaining message of the OT prophets without studying this chapter. For example see Jeremiah 23:5

         This is an enlargement and continuation of the Abrahamic covenant. Similarly it is an unconditional covenant! ďI willĒ


I.                    Davidís desire to build a Temple- v. 1-3

a.      David captured Jerusalem and made it Israelís capital

b.      The King of Tyre sent him materials to build a palace there

c.       Finally David, was able to brink the Ark of God there

d.      David saw the Ark of God dwelling in a tent while he lived in a palace, and through God deserved better!

e.      V. 3- Nathanís response was too brash it seems- illustr- if someone offered to buy us a new and better church building

f.        At this time, God did not mind dwelling in a tent- because He was identifying with His people. John 1:14- Jesus ďtabernacledĒ among us!

g.      David would not have the privilege of building the temple and years later God would explain because he was a man of war

II.                  Godís covenant with David

a.      Instead of allowing David to something great and build a Temple God decided He wanted to something great for David!

b.      Davidís humble beginnings- v. 8-9

c.       God reminds David what He has done for him

d.      God promised David that under his reign, He would establish a permanent and secure Israel

e.      God promises to build David a permanent house- a dynasty.

f.        This was a greater promise than Davidís offer to God, because Davidís ďhouseĒ (dynasty) would last longer and be more glorious than the temple David wanted to build.

g.      It was important for God to repeat this promise specifically, because there had never yet been a king succeeded by his son in Israel.

h.      He shall build a house for My name: Though David would not build a temple for God, Davidís descendent would.

i.        He shall build a house for My name: Though David would not build a temple for God, Davidís descendent would.

j.        I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever: The family of David did rule over Israel for more than four centuries but was eventually removed because of evil added upon evil. Yet out of the stem or ďstumpĒ of Jesse, God raised up a new branch that will reign for ever and ever (Isaiah 11:1-2).

k.       This descendent of David will enjoy a special relationship with God. If he sins, God will not reject him. Instead, God will chasten him without rejecting him.

l.        Your throne shall be established forever: God promisesd David that the reign of his dynasty would last forever.

m.    Each of these great promises was partially fulfilled in Solomon, Davidís son and successor to his throne. This was a picture of the future fulfillment

                                                              i.      ∑ Solomon ruled on Davidís throne.

                                                            ii.      ∑ Godís mercies never departed from Solomon, though he sinned.

                                                          iii.      ∑ Solomon built God a magnificent house.

n.      But the prophets foretold a greater fulfillment of these promises.

o.      Ultimately only Christ will fulfill these promises completely at the Millennial Kingdom

III.                The Davidic Covenant in Godís plan

a.      See Matthew 1:1, Luke 1:30-32, Peter began his message with David in Acts 2:29-30, see Revelation 22:16

b.      Dispensational Theology: God manages the world through a series of dispensations- stewardship arrangements (Ryrie).

c.       The key element of dispensationalism is a literal interpretation of Scripture and noting a distinction between Israel and the Church

d.      Covenant theologians interpret the covenant so that the seed of David is the household of faith (believers), the kingdom is the church, and the throne is where Christ is now seated at the right hand of God. So most are ďAmillennialists.Ē Mentioned 6xís in Revelation 20:2-7

e.      Objection 1. The throne Jesus received at His ascension was not the throne promised to David. . . . Objection 2. Jesus' present activity is best understood as divine sovereignty, not Davidic kingship. . . . Objection 3. To speak of the present fulfillment of Davidic promises by Christ in heaven is a spiritual interpretation of earthly, political promises

f.        John Walvoord notes in reference to the Davidic kingdom, It is also clear that Christ is not reigning on earth in any literal sense. Jerusalem is not His capital nor are the people of Israel responsive to His rule at the present time. To attempt to find fulfillment in the present age requires radical spiritualization and denial of the plain, factual statements related to the kingdom.

g.      He also added: "It is also abundantly clear that the church does not fulfill the promises of the kingdom on earth as given to Israel," adding that God will "resume His plan and purpose to fulfill the kingdom promise to Israel in connection with the second coming of Christ."

h.      J Dwight Pentecost, "David's son, the Lord Jesus Christ must return to the earth, bodily and literally, in order to reign over David's covenanted kingdom. The allegation that Christ is seated on the father's throne reigning over a spiritual kingdom, the church, simply does not fulfill the promises of the covenant."

i.        Godís sovereign plan

j.        The Davidic Covenant is an enlargement of the Abrahamic Covenant

k.       Three promises were given to David:

                                                              i.      An eternal seed

                                                            ii.      An eternal throne

                                                          iii.      An eternal kingdom

l.        No conditions were imposed on David; therefore, the Davidic Covenant is an unconditional covenant

m.    The new covenant foresaw a future, earthly kingdom under the rule of the Messiah.

n.      How will this be fulfilled? By the zeal of the Lord! Isaaih 9:6-7


         Godís faithfulness: The promise of the perpetuity of the covenant amid chastening Ė 2 Sam 7:14, 15

         Note the omission: Solomon was not promised an enduring house or a dynasty in perpetuity. This anticipated the curse on Jeconiah (Jehoiachin) and his seed (Jer 22:28-30). Jehoiachin could not pass on the kingship but apparently could pass on the right to rule. This seeming interruption to the Davidic Covenant was solved in Jesus Christ who was born of a virgin. He received His royal blood and thus was of the seed of David through Mary, who was a descendant of David (Lk 3:30). He received His legal title or right to rule through Joseph who was a descendant of David through Solomon and Jehoiachin (Matt 1:7, 11). Joseph gave Jesus the legal title to Davidís throne, but without making Him a part of the cursed line of Jehoiachin.

         They must have wondered, and we too might wonder, what happened to Godís promise that Davidís house, kingdom, and throne would last forever? Was the promise of forever a mirage? A failure?

         In Psalm 89, a psalm written long after the days of David when it seemed as if Godís commitment to the reign of his anointed king was in jeopardy, the psalmist asked the wrenching question that was likely on everyoneís mind and in everyoneís heart: ďLord, where is your steadfast love of old, which by your faithfulness you swore to David?Ē (Ps. 89:49). The psalmist was not just lamenting that there was no king and no throne; he was questioning whether God was proving faithful to his promise to David.

         Never forget Godís ďI will!Ē