Bible Baptist Church

" Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." ...... John 3:3

The Once for All Sacrifice of Jesus

Hebrews 10:1-18


·         Hebrews 10:23- This epistle was written to keep Jewish Christians from returning back to the shadows of Judaism

·         The Old Testament priests and sacrifices were shadows of the real thing.  They were "not the very image of the things" (cf. 10:1).

·         You could say the OT is a picture book. These shadows and pictures were helpful in showing Israel many important spiritual truths: an awareness of sin, the need for a mediator, and a blood offering of an innocent substitute for sin. Give illustr.

·         John Phillips said, "In the Old Testament era, the Israelites had only shadows.  The substance is in Christ.  The shadow of a key cannot unlock a prison door; the shadow of a meal cannot satisfy a hungry man; the shadow of Calvary cannot take away sin" (Exploring Hebrews).


I.                    (Hbr 10:1-4) Sacrifice under the Old Covenant could not truly take away sin.

a.      I feel I should emphasize that the problem was not with the law, but with man.

b.      Romans 7:12 says, "Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good."

c.       Romans 7:14 says, "For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin."

d.      The problem is not the law.  The problem is man.  Wicked, rebellious, selfish carnal men hate the law and will not submit to it.

e.      The law was never intended to make men perfect (Heb. 10:1).  That is an impossibility.

f.        Conscience of sins" (10:2) refers to a guilty conscience.  When a person is saved by the blood of Christ, he has no more guilty conscience, though he may still remember wicked deeds and thoughts from the past (10:2).

g.      “Calvary Covers it all, my past with is sin and shame…”

h.      V. 2- The argument: If the OT sacrifices perfected Jews by cleaning even the internal conscience then why were they repeated? They would have ceased to be offered!

i.        Hebrews 9:5- the sin of the OT worshipper was merely covered, and could not provide a full and final purging

j.        V. 3- Every additional sacrifice reminded the worshipper that their sins were covered but not forgotten.

k.       Year after year, after year, after year- this ritual continually reminded them of its temporary and inadequate nature

l.        RC theology keeps parishioners coming every week hoping for covering of sin

m.    RC Theologian Ludwig Ott-

                                                              i.      The Holy Mass is a true and proper Sacrifice.

                                                            ii.      In the Sacrifice of the Mass, Christ's Sacrifice on the Cross is made present, its memory celebrated, and its saving power applied.

                                                          iii.      In the Sacrifice of the Mass and in the Sacrifice of the Cross the Sacrificial Gift and the Primary Sacrificing Priest are identical; only the nature and the mode of the offering are different.

                                                           iv.      The Sacrifice of the Mass is not merely a sacrifice of praise and thanks-giving, but also a sacrifice of expiation and impetration.

n.      V. 4- The OT sacrifices were never designed to take away sin

o.      Illustr- battery operated tech

p.      Animal sacrifice under the Old Covenant could cover sin. (Yom Kippur) The Hebrew word for atonement is kophar, which literally means, “to cover.” But animal sacrifice could never take away sins. Only Jesus, the Perfect Sacrifice of the New Covenant, takes sins away.

II.                  Jesus’ perfect sacrifice- v. 5-9

a.      This is a quote from Psalm 40:6-8- prophetically declared the insufficiency of Old Covenant sacrifices and declared Jesus’ willingness to offer a perfect sacrifice under the New Covenant.

b.      God didn’t desire a sacrifice- this is similar to Isaiah’s rebuke in Isaiah 1. See Psalm 51:16-17. God is more interested in our heart than our outward rituals!

c.       “A body has thou prepared for me”- and yet how many believers would say the body is the greatest hindrance to their Christian life? This is because they have not learned from Christ that highest use of the body is to offer it up to God!

d.      Mortify its members, keep it under subjection! The Holy Spirit needs a body, a vessel to use- and that’s us!

e.      V. 9- Christ the perfect example of willingness! Not my will, but thine! This is where we often struggle- not in our ability, but in our willingness

III.                (Hbr 10:10-18) The finished work of Jesus Christ.

a.      V. 10-11-Once vs. often/daily. Note how often the word once is used in Hebrews 9-10!

b.      V. 11-12- standing vs. sitting- no chairs in the OT Tabernacle. The OT priest’s work was never done..always another sacrifice/offering/ritual, etc.

c.       Jesus cried out, “Tetelastai!” It is finished! The word tetelestai was also written on business documents or receipts in New Testament times to show indicating that a bill had been paid in full.

d.      V. 10, 14- Even our sanctification is an accomplished fact- we are saints, holy in Christ, due to our union with Christ

e.      There is a process of becoming perfected in Christ. But progressive sanctification has its rest and assurance in the “once and forever” work of Christ!

f.        We are walking from victory not towards victory!

g.      The blessings of the New Covenant- v. 16-18

h.      How then did OT believers receive forgiveness of sins?

i.        There was forgiveness in the OT, and in the gospels before Calvary. II Samuel- And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.

j.        Note: Christ’s death is the pinnacle, the high point of history!

k.       In the early chapters of Genesis- animal skins were provided as a physical covering- God performed the first sacrifice, and performed the last sacrifice in giving His Son

l.        The Old Testament sacrifices were validated in the mind of God on the basis of the coming offering of Christ. Hebrews 9:15, Romans 3:25

m.    Christ’s death is the basis or ground of salvation in all ages because from God’s perspective, God has known about Christ’s death from eternity. Because God knows that the deed will be done, and because He sees all of history at once, God can grant man salvation, even before the sacrifice is performed in history. Thus, God always sees Christ’s work as an accomplished fact.

n.      Let’s imagine a credit card that can be used for the forgiveness of sins. When the Old Testament saints believed, the forgiveness of their sins, we could say, was charged on a credit card. A debit card would not have worked since Christ had not yet died for our sins. Then when Jesus died for our sins, the credit card debt was paid off and forgiveness was finally a reality. But from the time the saints believed until the time Christ died, the Father treated them as if their sins were forgiven.

o.      The animal sacrifices alone could not forgive- there had to be faith which looked forward to God’s promise of the Messiah.



·         Illustr- What can I do to be saved? It’s too late.

·         The Bible emphasizes the blood of Christ, and so should we!

·         There is power, power, wonder-working power

In the precious blood of the Lamb